” Hemp/industrial hemp” and “marijuana” are two unique ranges of the exact same plant species. “Hemp” is a fiber crop. “Marijuana” is a drug crop. Nevertheless, these definitions have become puzzled in the last 60 years. Recently, a movement has started to identify the terms once again. It is important to comprehend the history of usage of these terms in order to get rid of the confusion.
1600-1930s Hemp’s Long History in North America
The word “hemp” has remained in the English language for over 800 years. The word “marijuana” is only 100 years old.
From the first settling of North America up until the 1930s, “hemp” was the most common term for Cannabis sativa fiber crops. “Marijuana” was never utilized to describe hemp fiber crops, which were grown for canvas, rope, fuel oil, and paper. “Hemp” fiber crops were historically low THC and entirely non-psychoactive.
1930s-1940s Marijuana tax Act confuses “Hemp” and “Marijuana”.
In the 1930s, the psychedelic (high-THC) range of cannabis sativa, imported from Mexico, became common in the southern U.S. It was called “marijuana”, a word popularized through the “Reefer Madness” project, to distinguish it from the “hemp” fiber crops (which nobody ever smoked).
In 1937, the passage of the Marijuana tax Act hopelessly confused the terms “hemp” and “cannabis”. For the very first time, Congress defined these unique varieties of Cannabis sativa as being the exact same. What had been typically known as “hemp” was now “cannabis”.
1950s “Hemp” Crops Become Extinct.
In 1957, the last “hemp” fiber crop was collected in the U.S. Because low-THC Cannabis sativa fiber crops were now extinct, the word “hemp” left of use and was forgotten.
1960s “Marijuana” Legalization Movement Begins.
In the 1960s, the psychedelic range of cannabis sativa (” marijuana”) became popular among the counter-culture. The movement to legalize “marijuana” in the 1960s and 1970s did not utilize the term “hemp” to describe “cannabis”.
1985 “Hemp”/ “Marijuana” Movement Begins.
Since The Emperor was targeted at a “cannabis” movement and since it was not extensively understood that low-THC varieties of hemp existed in Europe and Asia, it was believed that “cannabis” needs to be legalized to enable industrial uses of “hemp”. And due to the fact that it was the environmentalists and the counter-culture that began promoting hemp as an alternative fiber crop, they were not taken seriously.
In 1985, the word “hemp” re-surfaced in the book The Emperor Wears No Clothes by Jack Herer. This book uncovered info that had actually been lost for practically 40 years about “hemp’s” historical usages as a fiber crop. The book also touted “hemp” as an option to modern environmental problems.
1989 European Farmers Grow “Hemp”.
In Europe, some countries (like France and Spain) had actually never ever stopped producing “hemp”. In 1989, the European Economic Community established rules to govern “hemp” production that used to all its member countries. The EEC defined registered seed varieties for low THC “hemp” and techniques for testing “hemp” for THC material.
1993-1994 England and Canada Grow “Hemp”.
In 1993, England formally acknowledged the distinction between “hemp” and “cannabis”, to make its farmers competitive in the EEC. In 1994, Canada, seeing competitors from Europe, allowed “hemp” production.
1994 Kentucky Appoints “Hemp” Task Force.
In November of 1994, the Governor of Kentucky, seeing competitors from Canada and Europe, selected a Task Force to study the industrial possibilities of “hemp” in his state.
1994-1995 “Hemp/Industrial Hemp” Movement Begins in U.S.
- American Farm Bureau federation (4.6 million member).
- Colorado Farm Bureau.
- Colorado Department of Agriculture.
- Colorado State Grange.
- Kentucky Farm Bureau.
- Kentucky Hemp Growers Cooperative.
- Wisconsin Agribusiness Council.
- Wisconsin Department of Agriculture.
- International Paper Company.
- Bolton Emerson Americas.
- Colorado Environmental Coalition.
- Oregon Natural Resources Council.
- HIA (Hemp Industries Association).
- North American Industrial Hemp Council.
The majority of, if not all these groups have actually specifically mentioned that they are opposed to the legalization of marijuana. They realize the difference between “hemp/industrial hemp” and “cannabis” and that “hemp/industrial hemp” can be grown securely without affecting “marijuana” laws, production, or use.
Oct. 1995 North American Industrial Hemp Council Formed.
Today: Making Progress …
A strong union of varied organizations now supports “Industrial hemp”, including:.
Jan. 1996 Support for “Hemp” Grows.
Jan. 1995 Colorado Senator Introduces “Hemp” Legislation.
In January 1995, Senator Lloyd Casey (D-Northglenn), made Colorado the very first state to attempt to define “hemp/industrial hemp” as distinct type “marijuana” when he introduced the Hemp Production Act. Regrettably, this expense was eliminated in Committee due to objections from the federal Drug Enforcement Administration.
This varied union begins utilizing the word “commercial hemp” (or simply “hemp”) to refer specifically to low-THC non-psychoactive varieties of Cannabis sativa. The goal of the “commercial hemp” motion is to enable genuine production of “hemp” fiber crops and to check out the ecological benefits of “hemp” as an alternative fiber, pulp, and oil source.
In October 1995, the guiding committee of the North American Industrial Hemp Council made “commercial hemp” a completely distinct concern, separate from the legalization of “marijuana”.
For the very first time, farmers, manufacturers, processors, and agricultural scientists in North America started to take a serious look at “hemp” as a farming crop and alternative fiber. Also, the “hemp” environmentalists within the “cannabis” movement see that signed up seed ranges exist to differentiate “hemp” from “cannabis”.
Jan. 1996 Colorado and Vermont Introduce “Hemp” Legislation.
Legislators in two states presented “industrial hemp” legislation, Sen. Lloyd Casey (D) from Colorado and Rep. Fred Maslack (R) from Vermont.
25 of 53 state hemp-related bills presented because 1995 have passed and overall, 14 states have effectively passed hemp-related legislation. In 2002, hemp expenses have actually been presented in seven states: Arizona, California, Hawaii, New Mexico, Vermont, Wisconsin and West Virginia. The CA, Hey There and WV expenses have actually passed, the NM and VT bills have actually passed away in committee, and the AZ and WI bills have actually been held until 2003.